Lebanon has a Mediterranean climate characterized by long, hot, dry summers and short, cool, rainy winters. The climate is determined by Lebanons's location between the subtropical aridity of the African continent and the subtropical humidity of the eastern Mediterranean area. January is the coldest month, with temperatures from 5°C to 10°C, and August is the hottest month at 18°C to 38°C. Daily temperatures can be very hot, especially in the summer; on some day it can be 40°C or more, especially when the Shirocco, a hot , dry southerly wind blows. These winds can sometimes be very strong and can cause Sandstorms.
About 70 percent of the average rainfall in the country falls between November and March; June through August are often rainless. Rainfall varies from season to season and from year to year. Precipitation is often concentrated in violent storms, causing erosion and local flooding, especially in the winter months.
The Climate of Lebanon can be classified as Csa climate, a mild Mediterranean climate with a dry summer and the warmest month above 22°C and the coldest month between 18°C and -3°C. The climate further inland can be classified as BSh climate, a hot, dry Climate with the annual average Teperature above 18°C.